Posts for category: Skin Care
What causes rashes?
There are so many reasons why a rash may surface. Rashes may be the result of a bacterial, fungal, or viral infection, or it could be caused by an allergy. Common causes of a rash include,
- Atopic or contact dermatitis
- Pityriasis rosea
- Insect bites and stings
- Poison ivy, oak, or sumac
- Diaper rash
- Lichen planus
- Allergy to a drug/medication
Most rashes are mild, self-limiting, and can be treated on your own without having to turn to a doctor. Some ways to ease a rash and promote faster healing is by,
- Using only gentle cleansers and soaps that do not contain harsh chemicals or fragrances
- Avoiding hot water and only using lukewarm or cold water
- Being gentle when cleansing, bathing, and handling the skin
- Not covering the rash (let it breathe)
- Using only unscented products
- Applying calamine lotion to control itching
- Using hydrocortisone cream to reduce itchiness, swelling, and redness
- Not scratching the rash, as this can lead to an infection
It’s important to recognize when a rash probably requires medical attention. You should schedule an appointment with your dermatologist if,
- The rash is widespread and takes over most of your body (this could be a sign of an allergic reaction, which requires immediate attention)
- The rash is spreading quickly and suddenly
- Your rash is accompanied by a fever (this is often a sign of serious infection)
- The rash is painful or contains blisters
- There are signs of infection such as oozing, crusting, or skin that’s warm to the touch
Remember Your ABCDEs
This easy-to-remember acronym will help you spot those signs of skin cancer whenever you examine moles yourself. This is what it stands for,
- A is for asymmetry: A healthy mole will be perfectly circular and symmetrical. If you find that half of the mole is shaped differently from the other half, this could be a sign of pre-cancerous growth.
- B is for a border: A healthy mole will have a clearly defined border. If the mole has a jagged or an even or poorly defined border, it’s time to visit your dermatologist.
- C is for color: A healthy mole will remain a singular color throughout your life. If the mole changes color or develops multiple colors this could be a sign of skin cancer.
- D is for diameter: A healthy mole is typically smaller than a pencil eraser (under 5mm). Moles over 5mm, or larger than a pencil eraser, may be cause for concern. Large moles warrant seeing a dermatologist.
- E is for evolving: A healthy mole will remain the same over the course of your lifetime. So, if you notice it changing at all then it’s worth having a dermatologist look at it.
Along with remembering your ABCDEs, it’s also a good idea to look for,
- New moles: Just because you develop a new mole doesn’t necessarily mean that it’s cancerous; however, if you start noticing any new moles developing past the age of 20 (particularly on the face, neck, shoulder, or other sun-exposed areas), this warrants an evaluation with a skincare professional.
- Troublesome moles: Do you have a mole that bleeds, itches, crusts over, or is painful or tender? If so, the mole should be checked out.
How your dermatologists in Sandy Springs, GA, can help if you suffer from psoriasis
Psoriasis is an annoying, uncomfortable, unsightly skin condition. If you have psoriasis, you already know how difficult it can be to live with. Psoriasis can make you self-conscious and it can affect your self-esteem. The good news is, your dermatologist can help treat psoriasis.
The dermatologists at Atlanta Center For Dermatologic Diseases offer a wide range of medical and aesthetic skincare services, including psoriasis treatment. They have several convenient office locations in Sandy Springs, Roswell, Alpharetta, Atlanta, and Cumming, GA.
Psoriasis is caused by genetic autoimmune factors that make your body produce skin cells too fast. The overproduction of skin cells causes scaly areas on your skin. These psoriasis patches are often itchy and can appear on your elbows, knees, scalp, and other areas.
Psoriasis is classified as mild, moderate, or severe, depending on what percentage of your body is affected.
For mild psoriasis, which affects less than 3% of your body, some common treatments include:
- Prescription or over-the-counter shampoos, bath treatments, and moisturizing creams
- Prescription topical medications containing steroids, to provide itch relief
- Laser or light treatment to reduce or eliminate scaly psoriasis patches
For moderate psoriasis, which affects between 3% and 10% of your body, or severe psoriasis, affecting over 10% of your body, common treatments include:
- Prescription-strength oral medications including methotrexate or cyclosporine, that reduce inflammation and limit the production of skin cells.
- Biologic drugs to suppress your immune system; these drugs are used for severe psoriasis cases.
- Light or laser therapy to reduce or eliminate scaly psoriasis patches.
If you suffer from uncomfortable, itchy psoriasis, help is just a phone call away! To find out more about psoriasis treatment and other medical and aesthetic skincare services, call the dermatologists of Atlanta Center For Dermatologic Diseases today.
For our Sandy Springs, GA, location, call (404) 252-4333.
For our Roswell, GA, location, call (770) 751-1133.
For our Cumming, GA, location, call (770) 844-1902.
For our Atlanta, GA, location, call (404)-252-4333.
For our Alpharetta, GA, location, call (770) 664-5225.
What causes lichen planus?
Lichen planus is not contagious and cannot be spread from person to person. In fact, it typically appears when the immune system starts attacking the skin or mucous membrane. Certain things can trigger it including:
- Certain OTC pain medications (e.g. ibuprofen)
- Medications used for arthritis, hypertension, or cardiovascular disease
- Hepatitis C
- Viral infections
- Certain allergens
- Certain chemicals or metals
Should I see a dermatologist?
If you have developed a purple rash or bumps that resemble lichen planus it’s worth it to pay a visit to your dermatologist to find out what’s going on, especially if you notice any unusual bumps on the genitals.
To determine that you do have lichen planus, we will need to biopsy some skin cells to diagnose lichen planus and to also determine whether it’s being caused by an underlying infection or an allergen. From there, further testing may be needed.
How is lichen planus treated?
So, you found out from your dermatologist that you have lichen planus. Now what? In some cases, this condition may just go away on its own; however, it’s important to recognize that there is no cure for lichen planus but there are ways to help alleviate certain symptoms such as burning or pain. Common treatment options that your dermatologist can recommend or prescribe include,
- Antihistamines: To help with itching
- Corticosteroid creams: To reduce inflammation and redness
- Oral or injectable steroids: This treatment is more effective for persistent, recurring, or more severe bumps
- Photochemotherapy: Light therapy can be effective for treating oral lichen planus
Verrucas, commonly known as warts, really do come in a wide array of sizes and shapes and could be bumpy, flat, smooth, contain tiny dots, or textured like broccoli or cauliflower. You may also be aware that the HPV or human papillomavirus causes warts and that warts are very contagious.
But did you know that HPV also comes in various types, in the hundreds, in fact, and that they’re categorized by number and not their name? Additionally, data from electron microscopes indicate that lots of wart viruses are on surfaces practically everywhere and hang around literally in the air.
To prevent warts from worsening or avoid the spread of warts in your household, early treatment from your dermatologist here at Atlanta Center for Dermatologic Diseases is key. You can consult with one of our dermatologists in our Roswell, GA, Alpharetta, GA, Cumming, GA, or Sandy Springs, GA, office to get your warts checked out and get prompt treatment for them.
How to Get Rid of Warts
In most cases, OTC wart remedies that dermatologists recommend will suffice to get rid of mild wart cases. On the other hand, mosaic warts (those that come in clusters), plantar warts, warts on the face, and stubborn recurring warts will require professional treatment.
The reason for this is that recurring warts are usually those that come in clusters. These could be extremely painful since they develop deep into the skin surface, and the only way to truly get rid of them is through professional medications, techniques, and devices.
Here in our Roswell, GA, Alpharetta, GA, Cumming, GA, and Sandy Springs, GA, office, we typically treat warts by shaving them off and then applying a spritz of liquid nitrogen to freeze the infected tissue and effectively kill the HPV virus. You’ll have to follow up at home with a prescription medication to be applied to the wart area for some time to ensure its complete elimination.
Your dermatologist may likewise inject medicine into warts to trigger your immune system to combat the virus. Likewise, depending on the severity of your warts, electrosurgery, which involves sending electric currents through your warts to kill the infected tissue, may be recommended. More stubborn warts might also need to repeat treatments. Yes, HPV is everywhere, but you don’t have to suffer warts on your skin.
Reach Out to Us For Concerns or Advice on All Things Warts
Contact Our Offices Today: Sandy Springs, GA at (404) 252-4333, Roswell, GA at (770) 751-1133, Alpharetta, GA at (770) 664-5225 or our Cumming, GA, office at (770) 844-1902 to book a consultation here at Atlanta Center for Dermatologic Diseases.